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Philip I

In 246 actions commenced against the Carpi who had invaded the province of Dacia from the east. Because of these operations the province was filled with soldiers. To provide them of enough small change a mint was erected under the emperor Philip. The actions were terminated in 248 but probably not to the satisfaction of the army. Philip did strike coins with the text VICTORIA CARPICA but the reality probably is that under Philip substantial parts of Dacia were lost. Around this time the eastern limes Transalutanus was given up and large parts of todays Transylvania were abandoned by the Romans. In a small Roman auxiliary army camp with vicus in todays Ilisua, northern Transylvania, the coin finds end abruptly with coins of the emperor Philip. The unsatisfying situation in Dacia and along the Danube limes were the reason for the rise of usurpers as Pacatian and maybe Silbannacus. When Decius was sent there to restore the order he was proclaimed emperor by the army. These events meant the end of the regime of Philip. Look for more information about the reign of Philip at Viminacium.


The coins of Philip from Dacia

Denominations struck: as, dupondius and sestertius.

The dupondii have a portrait with the emperor wearing a radiate crown. The sestertii in their turn are bigger and heavier and the emperor has a portrait with laurel wreath.

Used notations of the local year:

AN I, used from july 246 until july 247.
AN II, used from july 247 until july 248.
AN III, used from july 248 until july 249.

Obverse text variations used:

A: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG

Reverse text variations used:

a: PROV - INCIA DACIA
b: PROVINCIA DACIA
c: PROVI - NCIA DA - CIA
d: PROVI - NCI - A - DACIA
e: PRO- VINCIA DACIA
f: PROV- INCI - A DACIA
g: PROV - INCIA DA - CIA
h: PROVINCI - A D - ACIA
i: PROV - INC - IA D - ACIA



AN I

Dupondius ANNO I - 246/247 - Pick 5 - Martin 2.55.1 - Varbanov 8
Forum Ancient Coins

Weight: 4,25 grams
Diameter: 20 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with radiate crown, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII and in the right hand a Dacian sword. A vexilum with the Roman numeral V is placed in the ground in front of her.

Text: (a:) PROV - INCIA DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN .I. (ANNO I) - year 1 (246/247).

Remark: The letters on this dupondius are badly shaped and placed.

Dupondius ANNO I - 246/247 - Pick 2 - Martin 2.52.1 - Varbanov 3
CGB

Weight: 4,96 grams
Diameter: 21 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with radiate crown, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the inscription DF (Dacia Felix). In the right hand she is holding a Dacian sword.

Text: (b:) PROVINCIA DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN .I. (ANNO I) - year 1 (246/247).

Dupondius (piedfort) ANNO I - 246/247 - Pick - (2 var.) - Martin - - Varbanov -
Auktionshaus
H. D. Rauch GmbH

Weight: 14,79 grams
Diameter: ? mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with radiate crown, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the inscription DF (Dacia Felix). In the right hand she is holding a Dacian sword.

Text: (b:) PROVINCIA DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN .I. (ANNO I) - year 1 (246/247).

Remark: Medaillon on a heavy and somewhat bigger flan.

Sestertius ANNO I - 246/247 - Pick 4 var. - Martin 2.54.2 - Varbanov 7

Private collection

Weight: 14,78 grams
Diameter: 28 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII. In the right hand she is holding a Dacian sword together with a vexilum with the Roman numeral V.

Text: (a:) PROV - INCIA DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN .I. (ANNO I) - year 1 (246/247).

Remark: According to Pick the coin types of Philip only exist with Dacia wearing only the Dacian sword in her right hand and not the vexilum also. He only mentions types where the vexilum is placed in the ground in front of her. On this coin however it is clearly visible that she is holding both in her hands. There is not even a stick visible underneath the left vexilum.

Sestertius ANNO I - 246/247 - Pick 1 - Martin 2.51.1 - Varbanov 2

Ebay

Weight: 15,5 grams
Diameter: 24 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the inscription DF (Dacia Felix). In the right hand she is holding a Dacian sword.

Text: (b:) PROVINCIA DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN .I. (ANNO I) - year 1 (246/247).


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AN II

Sestertius ANNO II - 247/248 - Pick 7 - Martin 2.57.7 - Varbanov 9

Classical Numismatic Group

Weight: 16,47 grams
Diameter: 29 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII and in the right hand a Dacian sword. A vexilum with the Roman numeral V is placed in the ground in front of her.

Text: (c:) PROVI - NCIA DA - CIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN .II. (ANNO II) - year 2 (247/248)

Remark: On this type it is clearly visible that the legionary standard is placed in the ground in front of Dacia.

Sestertius ANNO II - 247/248 - Pick 7 - Martin 2.57.9 - Varbanov 9

Classical Numismatic Group

Weight: 13,27 grams
Diameter: 28 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII and in the right hand a Dacian sword. A vexilum with the Roman numeral V is placed in the ground in front of her.

Text: (g:) PROV - INCIA DA - CIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN .II. (ANNO II) - year 2 (247/248).

Remark: The legend breaks on the reverse of the coin are different on this specimen (type g).

Sestertius ANNO II - 247/248 - Pick 11 - Martin 2.65.1 - Varbanov - (Verg. 16)

Classical Numismatic Group

Weight: 15,28 grams
Diameter: 28 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) sitting on a bench to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. In her right hand she is holding a corn ear and poppy. In the left hand she is holding a Dacian sword. On her left a vexilum is stuck in the ground with the Roman numeral V and an eagle ornament on the stick. On her right a vexilum is stuck in the ground with the Roman numeral XIII and a lion ornament on the stick.

Text: (d:) PROVI - NCI - A - DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN .II. (ANNO II) - year 2 (247/248).


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AN III

Sestertius ANNO III - 248/249 - Pick 16 - Martin 2.67.24 - Varbanov 11

Private collection
H. Agndal

Weight: 15,05 grams
Diameter: ? mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII and in the right hand a Dacian sword. A vexilum with the Roman numeral V is placed in the ground in front of her.

Text: (e:) PRO- VINCIA DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN III (ANNO III) - year 3 (248/249).

Remark: The portrait of Philip resembles strongly the portraits used on coins from the mint of Viminacium. The legend breaks on the reverse of the coin are different on this specimen (type e).

Sestertius ANNO III - 248/249 - Pick 16 - Martin 2.67.7 - Varbanov 11

Forum Ancient Coins

Weight: 14,50 grams
Diameter: 26 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII and in the right hand a Dacian sword. A vexilum with the Roman numeral V is placed in the ground in front of her.

Text: (h:) PROVINCI - A D - ACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN III (ANNO III) - year 3 (248/249).

Remark: The portrait of Philip resembles strongly the portraits used on coins from the mint of Viminacium. The legend breaks on the reverse of the coin are different on this specimen (type h).

Sestertius ANNO III - 248/249 - Pick 16 - Martin 2.67.22 - Varbanov 11

Classical Numismatic
Group

Weight: 16,95 grams
Diameter: 29 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII and in the right hand a Dacian sword. A vexilum with the Roman numeral V is placed in the ground in front of her.

Text: (i:) PROV - INC - IA D - ACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN III (ANNO III) - year 3 (248/249).

Remark: The portrait of Philip resembles strongly the portraits used on coins from the mint of Viminacium. The legend breaks on the reverse of the coin are different on this specimen (type i).

Sestertius ANNO III - 248/249 - Pick 16 - Martin 2.67.2 - Varbanov 11

Classical Numismatic
Group

Weight: 16,24 grams
Diameter: 28 mm


Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII and in the right hand a Dacian sword. A vexilum with the Roman numeral V is placed in the ground in front of her.

Text: (b:) PROVINCIA DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN III (ANNO III) - year 3 (248/249).

Remark: Other portrait of Philip.

Sestertius ANNO III - 248/249 - Pick 16 - Martin 2.67.15 - Varbanov 11
Ebay

Weight: 16,60 grams
Diameter: mm

Obverse: Bust of Philip I to the right with laurel wreath, part of paludamentum (cloak, cape) visible on the shoulder worn over armoured breast plate.

Text: (A:) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG (IMPERATOR MARCVS IVLIVS PHILIPPVS AVGVSTVS) - Emperor Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus.

Reverse: Woman (Dacia) to the left with Phrygian cap on her head. On the left side stands an eagle with spreaded wings and a laurel wreath in its beak. On the right a lion walking to the left. In her left hand Dacia is holding a vexilum with the Roman numeral XIII and in the right hand a Dacian sword. A vexilum with the Roman numeral V is placed in the ground in front of her.

Text: (f:) PROV- INCI - A DACIA - Province Dacia.

Exergue: AN III (ANNO III) - year 3 (248/249).

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